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Home > Magazines > Issues 126-140

Issues 126-140

All back issues of After the Battle are available. Select the range, i.e. Issues 1-25, to show the contents of each magazine and then click on the cover to order in our online store.

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View issues 1-25 View isues 26-50 View issues 51-75 View issues 76-100
View issues 101-125 View issues 126-140 View issues 141-latest  
Issue 126

ISSUE No. 126 (Code A126)

THE NORWEGIAN CAMPAIGN This special issue featuring the campaign in Norway in 1940 shows Jean Paul Pallud at his best. His knack of ferreting out the obscure locations in uncaptioned wartime photographs has been demonstrated in many previous issues, but this time he has excelled himself. Sometimes knee-deep in snowdrifts, he was able to cover all the battle sites spread out over hundreds of miles - from Oslo in the south to Narvik in the far north. He had the pleasure to picture for us (see our cover) the half-submerged wreck of one of the German warships still lying in a fjord, certainly the largest wreck of WWII still lying in situ. The chapters in this special issue cover: Daring preventative plans - Norwegian lack of preparation - Weserübung Nord - Confusion on the Allied side - Landing! - Failure at Oslo - Allied reaction - Operation 'Rupert' - Operation 'Sickle' - Operation 'Maurice' - Narvik, the only Allied success - King Håkon leaves Norway.

Issue 127

ISSUE No. 127 (Code A127)

PANTELLERIA Marco Belogi and Elena Leoni describe how the Axis garrison on this small volcanic island in the central Mediterranean was captured following an intensive aerial bombardment in 1943. United Kingdom My Life with the Parachute Mine in the Blitz - In his own words, Sub-Lieutenant Edward Woolley describes how, after a day's training, he was thrust into action to counter the threat of German parachute mines in London, the provinces, and Coventry. It Happened Here The Narwa Battle in Estonia - Erik Rundkvist and Petter Kjellander describe their trip to explore the battlefield. Wreck Discovery Exploring the World War II Secrets of Hawaii - Joe Dovener makes an amazing discovery. A Veteran Returns Battle at Veghel Revisited - By Robert E. Perdue Jr., a former member of the 101st Airborne Division. Finland Soviet Air Attacks on Helsinki - A detailed description of the Russian blitz on the Finnish capital by Cris Whetton and Tuomo Virkkunen. Remembrance Victoria's Shrine of Remembrance - The history of this beautiful Australian memorial is described by David Mitchelhill-Green.

Issue 128

ISSUE No. 128 (Code A128)

THE FLENSBURG GOVERNMENT When Hitler committed suicide in Berlin, his will appointed Grossadmiral Dönitz as Head of State. The Dönitz government lasted for just 23 days — from May 1 to May 23 — in Flensburg on the Danish border. In this article we revisit the locations and describe the events associated with those final days of the German Reich in northern Germany. It Happened Here The Suicide of General Kinzel - General Kinzel was one of the four signatories to the surrender document signed on May 4 at Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters on Lüneburg Heath, yet within two months he was dead by his own hand. In this article Karel Margry follows in his footsteps. Readers Investigation In Search of My Father - David Smith recounts the fascinating story of the search for his long-lost American father. Remembrance The US National D-Day Memorial - America's memorial commemorating D-Day at Bedford in Virginia was unveiled on June 6, 2001, the brainchild of Bob Slaughter who had assaulted Omaha beach as a member of the 116th Infantry. War Film Der Untergang — The Downfall - Andrew Mollo tells the story of the making of the ground-breaking German film documenting the last days in the Führerbunker, detailing the locations used for the filming in Russia and Germany.

Issue 129

ISSUE No. 129 (Code A129)

THE BATTLE FOR FLORENCE Jeffrey Plowman describes how in mid-July 1944, the British Eighth Army in Italy launched its XIII Corps in a major drive on Florence, the Renaissance city on the Arno river in the Tuscany region, the objective being to gain the city and the river line. With the German divisions offering fierce resistance in the hills to the south of Florence, the drive evolved into a hard-fought campaign that lasted for three weeks. In the end the 6th South African Armoured Division entered Florence early on August 4, just a few hours before the 2nd New Zealand Division. It Happened Here The Kavieng Raid - On February 15, 1944, the US Fifth Air Force despatched a force of 156 light, medium and heavy bombers to the Japanese stronghold base of Kavieng on New Ireland in the south-west Pacific. Rodney Pearce, Don Fetterly and Gail Parker tell the story. Remembrance Yasukuni Jinja - Of the few remaining vestiges of wartime Japan, one of the most controversial is Yasukuni Jinja (shrine). A legacy of Japan's pre-war union of religion and state. The US National World War II Memorial - In May 2004, the United States inaugurated a National World War II Memorial on the Mall in Washington to honour all those that served, fought and died during the Second World War. Realisation of the project took 17 years and was the result of a painful process wrought with controversy, both over the site selected and the final design of the memorial.

Issue 130

ISSUE No. 130 (Code A130)

THE BATTLE FOR LEIPZIG Leipzig, 85 miles south-west of Berlin, was one of the last big German cities to be captured by the American army in World War II. The battle for Leipzig lasted for two days — April 18-20, 1945 — and involved two American infantry divisions which captured the city after a concentric attack from three directions. Remembrance Spindle Commemorated - Jean Paul Pallud describes the commemoration of the clandestine Allied parachutists who jumped in the Alps during the Second World War. From the Editor - Readers' letters and follow-up stories on previous issues.

Issue 131

ISSUE No. 131 (Code A131)

FLOSSENBÜRG - Flossenbürg was one of the deadliest Nazi concentration camps. Between May 1938 and April 1945, over 100,000 persons passed through its gates, of which at least 30,000 perished through hard physical labour, illness and starvation, mistreatment and torture, wanton killing and deliberate executions. Karel Margry describes the camps terrible past. Readers' Investigation Just One Crew of Many - John Williams tells the story of a crew of RAF Bomber Command who were shot down and killed during the Second World War. Preservation The Tunnels of Dover Castle - The medieval Dover Castle on the white cliffs facing the Channel hides a labyrinth of tunnels, underground passages and vaults beneath its rock-solid facade. Roy Humphreys takes us through this remarkable fortification on the Kent coast. United Kingdom The Freckleton Air Disaster - Niall Cherry tells how at 10.30 a.m. on the morning of August 23, 1944 the worst aircraft crash disaster in the UK during the war occurred when an American B-24 Liberator bomber smashed into the village school of Freckleton in rural Lancashire during a thunderstorm, killing 61 people. Remembrance Arlington National Cemetery - It was during the American Civil War that the estate surrounding Arlington House, situated on a hilltop overlooking the Potomac river in Washington, was requisitioned by the Union Army for a military cemetery. Now containing over a quarter of a million graves, Arlington has become a shrine to the nation's heroes and a beautifully landscaped memorial to those Americans who have served their country with honour. James Edward Peters guides us through this unique piece of American history.

Issue 132

ISSUE No. 132 (Code A132)

KING HÅKON RETURNS - Jean Paul Pallud tells the story of the Norwegian King who withdrew to Great Britain on June 7, 1940 following the German invasion of his country, and takes us through to his return on June 7, 1945 . . . five years to the day of his departure. United States Patton's Desert Training Center - In March 1942 the US Army established the Desert Training Center (DTC) to prepare its troops for desert warfare against the German Afrikorps in North Africa. General George S. Patton was instrumental in the creation of the DTC and here it is expertly described by Francis Blake, Dwain Oliver and Lieutenant Colonel John Shaw Lynch. It Happened Here Villers-Bocage Revisited - In 1999 we published Villers-Bocage Through the Lens of the German War Photographer, Daniel Taylor's detailed account of the battle in this Normandy village on June 13, 1944, in which an armoured column of the British 7th Armoured Division suffered a shattering defeat against German panzers. In the years since then, Daniel has not only gained contact with new veterans of the battle and uncovered much additional information but also found new photographs pertaining to this battle. Italy Tucker's Panthers - Jeffrey Plowman and Perry Rowe tell how on April 15, 1945, the 2nd New Zealand Division launched an attack from its bridgehead across the Sillaro river near Sesto Imolese in northern Italy. In the course of that attack, Lance-Corporal John Tucker of the 27th Battalion knocked out two German Panther tanks but was cut down by Spandau fire while attacking a third - a courageous act that was witnessed with awe by his comrades and earned him a posthumous Mention in Despatches. Wreck Discovery The Search for Charybdis and Limbourne - On the night of October 22/23, 1943, a Royal Navy flotilla of one light cruiser and six destroyers chasing a German blockade-running merchant ship in the Channel under Operation 'Tunnel' was met by the German merchantman's escorting force of five E-Boats. In the ensuing encounter two of the British ships - the cruiser Charybdis and the destroyer Limbourne - were hit by torpedoes. Charybdis sank with the loss of over 500 of its crew and Limbourne was damaged in such a way that she had to be scuttled. For 50 years the two ships lay on the seabed unexplored, their exact location unknown. Then, in 1992 the wreck of Charybdis was found by a team of French deep-sea explorers by means of a remote-control diving vehicle. Later French divers explored the ship. However, the whereabouts of the Limbourne remained unknown. In 2001 a British diving team led by Keith Morris took up the challenge. After a first expedition to explore and survey the wreck of Charybdis in June 2001, they returned in June 2002 to search for Limbourne. On June 3 the team located a wreck which they thought could be the lost destroyer. Two days later one of the team's divers, Leigh Bishop, our author, discovered a part of the ship that positively identified the wreck. After 60 years, Limbourne had been found.

Issue 133

ISSUE No. 133 (Code A133)

THE AIR WAR FOR RABAUL - Captured by the Japanese in January 1942, Rabaul was turned into a strong naval and air force base, soon establishing itself as the keystone of Japanese presence in the south-west Pacific. By 1943 some 110,000 troops were based there. In this issue, Professor Ronnie Day tells the story of the relentless air battle to subdue the base. Wreck Recovery Aichi D3A 'Val' Recovery - In December 1943, a Japanese Aichi D3A 'Val' bomber was lost during air battles over Cape Markus in New Britain, the aircraft crash-landing into the water just off the coast, killing both of the crew. Lsot for nearly 60 years, but with rumours of its existence circulating since the 1980s, the wreck was not discovered until September 2001. Gail Parker and Rod Pearce explain how Mark Reichmand and his two sons, Jared and Micah first discovered the wreck near Arawee. War Film They Were Not Divided - Trevor Popple gives a fascinating insight into the making and showing of this 1949 film which is centred around the experiences of a British armoured squadron at war. It Happened Here Rückmarsch - To coincide with the publication of his new book, Jean Paul Pallud gives an insight with this story of the German retreat from France — see our books page for Rückmarsch - The German Retreat from France - Then and Now .

134

ISSUE No. 134 (Code A134)

KASSERINE - Jean Paul Pallud describes how Kasserine came as a terrible blow to the Americans, a setback that struck the American home front with shocked disbelief. In their first battle against the German Wehrmacht the US Army had suffered a humiliating rout. Unlucky Baptism of Fire Within days of the German assault on Holland on May 10, 1940, it became clear that the air defences on the continent were insufficient to counter the weight of the Luftwaffe. As a consequence, RAF fighter units based in southern England were deployed in support of squadrons of the British Air Forces in France (BAFF) and for most it would be their baptism of fire. Jan Jolie tells how tragically, for some young pilots their first experience of combat would also prove to be their last. MWO (Dutch VC) for the Polish Para Brigade On May 31, 2006, in an official ceremony in the courtyard of the Dutch Parliament building in The Hague, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands awarded the Militaire Willems Orde (Military Order of William) — the highest Dutch military decoration for bravery in war — to the 1st Independent Polish Parachute Brigade for the role it played during the Battle of Arnhem in September 1944. At the same time, the brigade's wartime commander, Major-General Stanislaw Sosabowski (1982-1967), was given a posthumous Bronzen Leeuw (Bronze Lion), Holland's second-highest gallantry award.

Issue 135

ISSUE No. 135 (Code A135)

THE CAPTURE OF BREMEN - The north-German port of Bremen was one of the last great cities to be taken by the British Army in the European campaign, being captured in the last week of April 1945. Karel Margry describes how the city fell to a two-fold attack by three infantry divisions, supported by tanks and special armour, and aided by a massive tactical bombardment by nearly 800 aircraft of RAF Bomber Command. Pickett/Hamilton Fort Recovery Robin J. Brooks tells how a prime example of Britain's wartime anti-invasion defences was dug up from RAF Manston (recently renamed Kent International Airport): a retractable pillbox for airfield defence which was known as the Picket/Hamilton Fort. The Secret Tunnels of South Heighton From June 1940 to August 1945 the Guinness Trust Holiday Home, a large mansion on Heighton Hill outside Newhaven in East Sussex, served as a Royal Navy headquarters establishment known as HMS Forward. Here, in 1941, a top-secret naval intelligence centre was set up to monitor all marine movements and hazards such as hostile aircraft off the Sussex Coast. Geoffrey Ellis describes how a large underground complex of tunnels was excavated in the chalk-rock hill on which the house stood to provide its staff with a safe and bomb-proof working area. The Tommy Roberts Story Gail Parker tells the story of Thomas 'Tommy' Harbaugh Roberts, born in Elkhart, Indiana, on May 6, 1916, who joined the USAAF and was posted to the South Pacific where he joined up with the 2/16th Australian Infantry Battalion and his actions earned him the Silver Star, awarded posthumously to his father after the war.

Issue 136

ISSUE No. 136 (Code A136)

THE CAPTURE OF WILLIAM JOYCE - William Joyce became notorious during the war as propaganda broadcaster in English for the Nazi-German radio, and is generally judged one of the worst traitors in British history. After the Battle Editor, Karel Margry, tells the fascinating story of his capture by two British officers near Flensburg. The Surrender of Nauru and Ocean Island David Mitchelhill-Green takes us back to Nauru, and to its sister atoll Ocean Island, to recount the story of their surrender in September 1945. Relics of War along the Barents Road An ancient trade route along which people have journeyed since the beginning of time — on foot, by reindeer, sled, horse and wagon, and by motorised transport — the Barents Road connects four Nordic countries: Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. Crossing a vast territory along the Arctic Circle it also passes numerous Second World War battlegrounds, wreck sites and museums. Lars Gyllenhaal takes us for a stroll along this amazing route. Missing in Borneo George O. Sutherland tells us how in March 1985, timber hands working in the jungle of north-west Borneo reported finding a wartime aircraft wreck. It was to be the beginning of a search and recovery adventure that was to result in the identification of a Glenn Martin B-10 bomber of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Air Force that had been shot down on December 28, 1941 and had been missing ever since. T-34 Beutepanzer recovered in Estonia The battlefields of Eastern Europe hide some quite amazing discoveries. In September 2000, the Estonian battlefield exploration group Otsing recovered a complete T-34 tank from a lake in the woods near the provincial capital of Jöhvi. The Editor explains that although it was already an astonishing story there was another twist to it. From the Editor - Readers' letters and follow-up stories on previous issues.

Issue 137

ISSUE No. 137 (Code A137)

THE KOKODA TRAIL - Between July and November 1942, Australian army units fought a hard and difficult jungle campaign against the Japanese along the Kokoda Trail — a narrow, mountainous, jungle-enveloped pathway across the Owen Stanley Range in Papua New Guinea. Phillip Bradley takes us back along this trail. Kododa — The Movie Gail Parker looks at the movie which is a clear reflection of the growing interest in Australia for the savage campaign fought in the jungles of New Guinea. Milag Marlag POW Camps at Westertimke From 1941 to 1945, the small village of Westertimke in northern Germany was the location of a complex of prisoner of war camps known as Milag-Marlag. Karel Margry takes us through this fascinating site. The Fall of Rimini Jeffrey Plowman and Glenn Hodgson tell us how this resort became a key area for the Allies in September 1944 as it was the gateway to the Romagna, the plains of which they considered ideal tank country, if they could only get there before the autumn rains.

Issue 138

ISSUE No. 138 (Code A138)

THE BATTLE FOR SAINT-LÔ - As General Omar N. Bradley's US First Army made its way inland following the successful D-Day landings in Normandy of June 6, 1944, the immediate objective was to capture the Cotentin peninsula and secure the viatal port of Cherbourg. On the remainder of their front the Americans essentially went into a holding pattern, waiting for the fall of Cherbourg, at which point all energies would be directed towards a break-out to the south. The axis for any such attack lay along the main road south from Carentan, leading to the key objective, the city of St Lô. Phillip Bradley tells the story. Following my Father's Footsteps Jean Paul Pallud tells us the moving story of his father's involvement in the Second World War and re-traces his footsteps today. From the Editor - Readers' letters and follow-up stories on previous issues.

Issue 139

ISSUE No. 139 (Code A139)

THE CAPTURE OF LE HAVRE - The capture of Le Havre was a classic example of a successful set-piece battle. After the German defences had been 'softened up' by colossal aerial, and naval bombardment and artillery shelling, a 'seige-train' of specialised armour broke through the outer crust of the German defensive perimeter and allowed two British infantry divisions to push through the gap and methodically reduce the enemy strongholds before driving into the heart of the city. Karel Margry tells this fascinating story. The Plessey Tunnel Factory Andrew Emmerson tells us how in November 1940, the London-based Plessey Company, a major electrical firm and manufacturer of aircraft components set up an underground factory in five miles of newly-constructed but still unused tunnels of the London Underground in north-east London. The Carpatho-Dukla Operation - Pavel Nater explains how on August 29, 1944, the Slovak national army and partisan forces in the republic of Slovakia (the eastern half of former Czechoslovakia and a vassal state of Nazi Germany since March 1939) rose in rebellion in response to a German invasion of their territory. The fighting lasted for two months and ended in defeat of the insurgents, their last stronghold — the town of Banska Bystrica — falling on October 27.

Issue 140

ISSUE No. 140 (Code A140)

THE BATTLE FOR GEILENKIRCHEN - On November 18, 1944, the Allies launched an assault to capture the German town of Geilenkirchen. Located as it was right on the boundary between the British and American armies in Europe, it was reduced in a joint Anglo-American operation. Karel Margry tells this fascinating story. 1945 Battlefield Tour Major R. G. Matthews takes us back to September 1945 when a party of 23 officers and men of the 4th Battalion, The Dorsetshire Regiment, plus four men of the affiliated 112th Field Regiment, RA, left their barracks in Oerrel in north-west Germany, to embark on a 16-day tour through Holland, Belgium, France and Germany. The Dickin Medal and the PDSA Animal Cemetery - Gail Parker explains how the founder of the PDSA inaugurated a special award in 1943 to honour those individual animals which had performed brave acts during the war - later extended to peacetime activities. Many of these animals can be found in the PDSA Animal Cemetery in Ilford, Essex.